CUSTOMS, DANCES, GAMES AND THE EXCITEMENT OF THE CARNIVAL CUSCO OR PARTY "QOSQO PUKLLAY"
Carnival is a party that came to our country from colonial times. It manifests itself in very colorful events where water and joy always present. Each region, province and district of our Peru has its way and celebrate in Cusco Andean traditions mix with this party brought from the West.
Carnival party of Cusco is presented with a Changeable date in the calendar, and usually takes place between the months of February and March. Two weeks before the main day of the carnival; the tradition of the people and different communities in Peru; squares, popular streets and families; they celebrate with joy the "Compadres" and "Wives". This is a very original celebration, families in Cusco, live the party between joy, fraternal embrace and the revelry of the gossips who are visiting the compadres (between residents of poor neighborhoods, families, etc.) who are entertained and satirized by compadres.
The Carnival of Cusco is also called "Qosqo Pukllay" in the Quechua language, which translated into Spanish means "Cusco playing." It is one of the most representative, attractive and cheerful celebrations of Cusco calendar among the first months of the year; whose scenarios town and rural communities.
It is a celebration that begins with the period of the Christian Lent (40 days before Easter as preparation time) on Ash Wednesday and having as its basic component Thursday of compadres, on Thursday comadres, Sunday holiday and "kacharpari".
It is thought that the origin of the carnival goes back to pagan celebrations formerly held in honor of the bull "Apis" in Egypt "to" Bacchus "in Greece, where the custom spread throughout Europe; It is transferred to America by Spanish and Portuguese navigators in the fifteenth century.
In rural areas; carnivals instituted to stigmatize and possibly replace the "Hatun Poqoy" celebration of the Inca ayllus of origin, when they offered to the "Pachamama" or "Mother Earth" offerings in gratitude to the early ripening of the fruits of the earth He secured his power. From this comes the tradition of the Feast of the "Yunsa" consisting of dance and the downing of a decorated tree branches with gifts and streamer paper of many colors, with an ax tree is cut slowly meanwhile the residents of communities celebrating the festival, they dance elated and gladly take the gifts to the tree.
The particular feature of this festival is that the people of Cusco have christened the "pagan festival", incorporating elements of the Andean culture. This way for example in the neighborhood of San Cristobal, in Cusco, neighbors and authorities of the feast of Corpus Christi, have become their compadres Carnival respectful to their patron saints: San Cristobal, San Jose and San Antonio. Moreover in the neighborhoods of San Pedro and in the district of Santiago; women with contagious joy celebrate their comadres; the Virgin patron of their parish: Almudena, Bethlehem, purified, Nieves and Asuncion.
The central party carnival takes place on Sunday, and a week later the "kacharpari" or "carnival shot". Both are made in the main square while the delicious local cuisine is consumed by presenting the typical dish of the season, the "pot" or "timpu" prepared based on beef or lamb, fruits, grains, legumes and tubers of the region; steamed; that becomes a typical dish and highly sought during the party.