The Sacred Valley of Cusco, is but a short drive from Cusco and at a lower altitude of 2,790 meters above sea level (9,207ft) and it is a “must go” place during your trip to Cusco. The Valley is home to three of the most important craft markets: Pisaq, Ollantaytambo and Chinchero. The Sacred Valley was one of the main points of extraction of natural resources, an agricultural production center, and one of the best places for corn production in Peru. The Urubamba River which originates in the mountain ranges to the east of Cusco, run from the city through the Sacred Valley, past Machu Picchu and feed into the Jungle of the south of Peru. The stretch of river that runs between the towns of Pisaq and Ollantaytambo (approximately 100 km or 62 miles) was and still is today, the main water source for the region.
During your visit to the Sacred Valley of Cusco you will first set out to the town of Pisaq, visiting the town square and local market as well as the archeological park of the same name. The Pisaq ruins are situated atop a hillside and the construction is consistent with Inca architecture, the ruins remain in good condition despite the years. The site itself is surrounded by large and impressive agricultural terraces that can be seen even before you reach the town of Pisaq.
After this you will have lunch in one of the many wonderful restaurants in the Valley.
After lunch you will continue your Sacred Valley of Cusco tour to the town of Ollantaytambo, this town dates back to the 15th century and is considered one of the longest continuously occupied sites in South America. It is an example of Inca urban design in Peru with extensive terracing and irrigation systems.
The tour will conclude with a visit to the town of Chinchero, a quaint Inca village with a traditional arts and crafts market, as well as an impressive colonial church ushering you into what is believed to be the birthplace of the rainbow for the Incas in the Peruvian Culture.